Nouns represent people or things. You’ll need them whenever you want to refer to somebody or something. Memorize the Japanese nouns below and you’ll be well equipped for almost every basic conversation.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Japanese“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Nouns

Previous lesson: Basic Japanese verbs

Video: Learn the Top 25 Must-Know Japanese Nouns

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Vocabulary

Important nouns

EnglishJapaneseJapanese
(Hiragana)
Japanese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
child子供こどもkodomo
man男性だんせいdansei
woman女性じょせいjyosei
family家族かぞくkazoku
town / cityまちmachi
country田舎いなかinaka
world世界せかいsekai
houseいえie
carくるまkuruma
street / roadみちmichi
shopお店おみせomise
doorドアどあdoa
tableテーブルてーぶるteeburu
chair椅子いすisu
windowまどmado
newspaper新聞しんぶんshinbun
bookほんhon
penボールペンぼーるぺんbouru pen
bagバッグばっぐbaggu
rucksackリュックサックりゅっくさっくryukkusakku
happiness幸せしあわせshiawase
loveあいai
flowerはなhana
ballボールぼーるbooru
work仕事しごとshigoto
vacation休暇きゅうかkyuuka
passportパスポートぱすぽーとpasupooto
language言語げんごgengo
question質問しつもんshitsumon
answer答えこたえkotae
beginning / start始まりはじまりhajimari
end終わりおわりowari
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Vocabulary trainer: Basic nouns in Japanese

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Special video: Slang Nouns

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Previous lesson: Basic Japanese verbs