Verbs describe movement or action. You’ll need them whenever you want to talk about what you, somebody or something else does, did or wants to do. Essential stuff. Memorize the verbs below and you’ll be well equipped for most basic Japanese conversations.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Japanese“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Verbs

Learn the Top 25 Must-Know Japanese Verbs

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Important verbs

(to) beあるあるaru
(to) have持っているもっているmotte iru
(to) do / (to) makeするするsuru
can / (to) know how to出来るできるdekiru
(to) know (how)知るしるshiru
(to) know / (to) be acquainted with知っているしっているshitte iru
(to) understand理解するりかいするrikai suru
(to) speak / (to) talk話すはなすhanasu
(to) listen to聴くきくkiku
(to) hear聞くきくkiku
(to) see見るみるmiru
(to) feel感じるかんじるkanjiru
(to) live住むすむsumu
(to) want欲しいほしいhoshii
(to) need必要とするひつようとするhitsuyou tosuru
(to) like好きすきsuki
(to) love愛するあいするai suru
(to) give与えるあたえるataeru
(to) take取るとるtoru
(to) play遊ぶあそぶasobu
(to) laugh笑うわらうwarau
(to) come来るくるkuru
(to) go行くいくiku
(to) go by […] (e.g. by car)通り過ぎるとおりすぎるtoori sugiru
(to) write書くかくkaku
(to) read読むよむyomu
(to) count数えるかぞえるkazoeru
(to) pronounce発音するはつおんするhatsuon suru
(to) spell書き出すかきだすkakidasu
(to) conjugate変化させるへんかさせるhenka saseru
(to) remember思い出すおもいだすomoidasu
(to) forget忘れるわすれるwasureru
(to) eat食べるたべるtaberu
(to) try試すためすtamesu
(to) use使うつかうtsukau
(to) open開けるあけるakeru
(to) close閉めるしめるshimeru
(to) greet / (to) welcome挨拶するあいさつするaisatsu suru
(to) begin始まるはじまるhajimaru
(to) end終わるおわるowaru

Vocabulary trainer: Basic Verbs in Japanese

How do you say
(to) go by […] (e.g. by car)
in Japanese?

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