Basic Japanese Verbs

Basic Japanese Verbs 2017-11-27T08:15:22+00:00

Verbs describe movement or action. You’ll need them whenever you want to talk about what you, somebody or something else does, did or wants to do. Essential stuff. Memorize the verbs below and you’ll be well equipped for most basic Japanese conversations.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Japanese“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Verbs

Learn the Top 25 Must-Know Japanese Verbs

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Important verbs

EnglishJapaneseJapanese
(Hiragana)
Japanese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
(to) be
ある
ある
aru
(to) have
持っている
もっている
motte iru
(to) do / (to) make
する
する
suru
can / (to) know how to
出来る
できる
dekiru
(to) know (how)
知る
しる
shiru
(to) know / (to) be acquainted with
知っている
しっている
shitte iru
(to) understand
理解する
りかいする
rikai suru
(to) speak / (to) talk
話す
はなす
hanasu
(to) listen to
聴く
きく
kiku
(to) hear
聞く
きく
kiku
(to) see
見る
みる
miru
(to) feel
感じる
かんじる
kanjiru
(to) live
住む
すむ
sumu
(to) want
欲しい
ほしい
hoshii
(to) need
必要とする
ひつようとする
hitsuyou tosuru
(to) like
好き
すき
suki
(to) love
愛する
あいする
ai suru
(to) give
与える
あたえる
ataeru
(to) take
取る
とる
toru
(to) play
遊ぶ
あそぶ
asobu
(to) laugh
笑う
わらう
warau
(to) come
来る
くる
kuru
(to) go
行く
いく
iku
(to) go by […] (e.g. by car)
通り過ぎる
とおりすぎる
toori sugiru
(to) write
書く
かく
kaku
(to) read
読む
よむ
yomu
(to) count
数える
かぞえる
kazoeru
(to) pronounce
発音する
はつおんする
hatsuon suru
(to) spell
書き出す
かきだす
kakidasu
(to) conjugate
変化させる
へんかさせる
henka saseru
(to) remember
思い出す
おもいだす
omoidasu
(to) forget
忘れる
わすれる
wasureru
(to) eat
食べる
たべる
taberu
(to) try
試す
ためす
tamesu
(to) use
使う
つかう
tsukau
(to) open
開ける
あける
akeru
(to) close
閉める
しめる
shimeru
(to) greet / (to) welcome
挨拶する
あいさつする
aisatsu suru
(to) begin
始まる
はじまる
hajimaru
(to) end
終わる
おわる
owaru

Vocabulary trainer: Basic Verbs in Japanese

How do you say
(to) give
in Japanese?

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Special Slang Verbs

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