Basic Chinese Verbs 2017-03-20T16:40:26+00:00

Verbs describe movement or action. You’ll need them whenever you want to talk about what you, somebody or something else does, did or wants to do. Essential stuff. Memorize the verbs below and you’ll be well equipped for most basic Chinese conversations.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Chinese (Mandarin)“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Verbs

Important verbs

EnglishChineseChinese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
(to) be
shì
(to) have
yǒu
(to) do / (to) make
zuò
can / (to) know how to
可以
kě yǐ
(to) know (how)
认识
rèn shí
(to) know / (to) be acquainted with
知道(怎样)
zhī dào (zěn yàng )
(to) understand
理解
lǐ jiě
(to) speak / (to) talk
jiǎng
(to) listen to
tīng
(to) hear
听到
tīng dào
(to) see
kàn
(to) feel
觉得
jiào dé
(to) live
活着
huó zhe
(to) want
yào
(to) need
需要
xū yào
(to) like
喜欢
xǐ huān
(to) love
ài
(to) give
gěi
(to) take
(to) play
wán
(to) laugh
xiào
(to) come
lái
(to) go
(to) go by […] (e.g. by car)
坐[…]去
zuò […] qù
(to) write
xiě
(to) read
(to) count
计数
jì shù
(to) pronounce
发音
fā yīn
(to) spell
pīn
(to) conjugate
共轭
gòng è
(to) remember
记住
jì zhù
(to) forget
忘记
wàng jì
(to) eat
chī
(to) try
shì
(to) use
yòng
(to) open
打开
dǎ kāi
(to) close
关闭
guān bì
(to) greet / (to) welcome
欢迎
huān yíng
(to) begin
开始
kāi shǐ
(to) end
结束
jié shù

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