Nouns represent people or things. You’ll need them whenever you want to refer to somebody or something. Memorize the Russian nouns below and you’ll be well equipped for almost every basic conversation.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Russian“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Nouns

Previous lesson: Basic Russian verbs

Important nouns

EnglishRussianRussian
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
child ребёнокrebënok
man человек / мужчинаchelovek / muzhchina
woman женщинаzhenshchina
family семьяsem'ia
town / city городgorod
country странаstrana
world мирmir
house домdom
car машинаmashina
street / road улицаulitsa
shop магазинmagazin
door дверьdver'
table столstol
chair стулstul
window окноokno
newspaper газетаgazeta
book книгаkniga
penшариковая ручкаsharikovaia ruchka
bag сумкаsumka
rucksack рюкзакriukzak
happiness счастьеschast'e
love любитьliubit'
flower цветокtsvetok
ball мячmiach
work работаrabota
vacation отпускotpusk
passport паспортpasport
language языкiazyk
question вопросvopros
answer ответotvet
beginning / start началоnachalo
end иi
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Vocabulary trainer: Basic nouns in Russian

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Previous lesson: Basic Russian verbs


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