Nouns represent people or things. You’ll need them whenever you want to refer to somebody or something. Memorize the Russian nouns below and you’ll be well equipped for almost every basic conversation.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Russian“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Nouns

Previous lesson: Basic Russian verbs

Important nouns

EnglishRussianRussian
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
childребёнокrebënok
manчеловек
мужчина
chelovek
muzhchina
womanженщинаzhenshchina
familyсемьяsem'ia
town / cityгородgorod
countryстранаstrana
worldмирmir
houseдомdom
carмашинаmashina
street / roadулицаulitsa
shopмагазинmagazin
doorдверьdver'
tableстолstol
chairстулstul
windowокноokno
newspaperгазетаgazeta
bookкнигаkniga
penшариковая ручкаsharikovaia ruchka
bagсумкаsumka
rucksackрюкзакriukzak
happinessсчастьеschast'e
loveлюбитьliubit'
flowerцветокtsvetok
ballмячmiach
workработаrabota
vacationотпускotpusk
passportпаспортpasport
languageязыкiazyk
questionвопросvopros
answerответotvet
beginning / startначалоnachalo
endконецkonets

References:

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