This lesson will teach you to describe the colors and appearance of people and things in Japanese. Learn to express whether something is big or small, red or green, beautiful of ugly.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Japanese“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Colors

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Japanese Words – Physical Appearance

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Vocabulary

Colors

EnglishJapaneseJapanese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
light / clear明るいakarui
dark暗いkurai
colorcoloriro
coloredcolored色のついたiro-no-tsuita
whitewhiteshiro
blackblackkuro
yellowyellow黄色kiiro
orangeorangeオレンジorenji
redredaka
pinkpinkピンクpinku
violetvioletスミレ色sumire-iro
blueblueao
greengreenmidori
brownbrown茶色chairo
greygrey灰色hai-iro

Appearance & attributes

EnglishJapaneseJapanese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
new新しいatarashii
old古いfurui
small小さいchiisai
large / big大きいookii
young若いwakai
kind / pleasantやさしいyasashii
unkind / unpleasant不親切なfushinsetsu-na
patient患者kanjya
tall (when talking about people)高いtakai
middle sized (when talking about people)中くらいのサイズchuukurai-no-saizu
small (when talking about people)小さいchiisai
fat太ったfutotta
thin / slim細いhosoi
nice / prettyはじめまして!hajimemashite!
beautiful美しいutsukushii
ugly醜いminikui
ill / sick病気byouki
healthy健康なkenkou-na
happy / cheerful幸せなshiawase-na
sad悲しいkanashii
sportyスポーティーなsupohtie-na
ambitioned志のあるkokorozashi-noaru
intelligentインテリなinteri-na
creative創造的なsouzouteki-na
active活動的なkatsudouteki-na
sentimentalセンチメンタルなsenchimentaru-na
rational理性的なriseiteki-na
emotional感情的なkanjyouteki-na
natural自然なshizenna
romanticロマンティックなromanchikku-na
nice / amiableかわいいkawaii
spontaneous自発的なjihatsuteki-na
energeticエネルギッシュなenerugissyu-na
stressed (out)緊張したkinchou-shita
relaxedリラックスしたrirakkusu-shita
frustratedイライラしたiraira-shita
talented才能のあるsainou-no-aru

Questions & phrases

EnglishJapaneseJapanese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
What does he look like?彼はどんな感じ?kare-wa-donna-kanji?
What does she look like?彼女はどんな感じ?kanojyo-wa-donna-kanji?
What is he like?彼はどんな人?kare-wa-donna-hito?
What is she like?彼女はどんな人?kanojyo-wa-donna-hito?
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