Verbs describe movement or action. You’ll need them whenever you want to talk about what you, somebody or something else does, did or wants to do. Essential stuff. Memorize the verbs below and you’ll be well equipped for most basic Japanese conversations.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Japanese“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Verbs

Video: Learn the Top 25 Must-Know Japanese Verbs

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Vocabulary

Important verbs

EnglishJapaneseJapanese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
(to) beあるaru
(to) have持っているmotte-iru
(to) do / (to) makeするsuru
can / (to) know how tokan
(to) know (how)知るshiru
(to) know / (to) be acquainted with知っているshitte-iru
(to) understand理解するrikai-suru
(to) speak / (to) talk話すhanasu
(to) listen to聴くkiku
(to) hear聞くkiku
(to) see見るmiru
(to) feel感じるkanjiru
(to) live住むsumu
(to) want欲しがるhoshigaru
(to) need必要とするhitsuyou-tosuru
(to) like好きsuki
(to) love愛するai-suru
(to) give与えるataeru
(to) take取るtoru
(to) play遊ぶasobu
(to) laugh笑うwarau
(to) come来るkuru
(to) go行くiku
(to) go (by…)通り過ぎるtohri-sugiru
(to) write書くkaku
(to) read読むyomu
(to) count数えるkazoeru
(to) pronounce発音するhatsuon-suru
(to) spell書き出すkakidasu
(to) conjugate変化させるhenka-saseru
(to) remember思い出すomoidasu
(to) forget忘れるwasureru
(to) eat食べるtaberu
(to) try試すtamesu
(to) use使うtsukau
(to) open開けるakeru
(to) close閉めるshimeru
(to) greet / (to) welcome挨拶するaisatsu-suru
(to) begin始まるhajimaru
(to) end終わるowaru
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Special video: Slang Verbs

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