Adjectives describe people or things. You’ll need them whenever you want to describe what something or somebody is like. The car is old, the hotel is cheap. You get it. Memorize the Japanese adjectives below and you’ll be well equipped for most basic conversations.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Japanese“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Adjectives

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Video: Learn the Top 25 Must-Know Japanese Adjectives

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Vocabulary

Important adjectives

EnglishJapaneseJapanese
(Hiragana)
Japanese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
good良いよいyoi
bad悪いわるいwarui
new新しいあたらしいatarashii
old古いふるいfurui
small小さいちいさいchiisai
large / big大きいおおきいookii
long長いながいnagai
short短いみじかいmijikai
cheap安いやすいyasui
expensive高価なこうかなkouka na
light / clear明るいあかるいakarui
dark暗いくらいkurai
late遅いおそいosoi
early早いはやいhayai
interesting面白いおもしろいomoshiroi
boring退屈なたいくつなtaikutsu na
tired疲れたつかれたtsukareta
easy / simple簡単かんたんkantan
for free無料むりょうmuryou
right / correct正しいただしいtadashii
wrong間違いまちがいmachigai
strong強いつよいtsuyoi
weak弱いよわいyowai
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