Adjectives describe people or things. You’ll need them whenever you want to describe what something or somebody is like. The car is old, the hotel is cheap. You get it. Memorize the Japanese adjectives below and you’ll be well equipped for most basic conversations.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Japanese“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Adjectives

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Video: Learn the Top 25 Must-Know Japanese Adjectives

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Vocabulary

Important adjectives

EnglishJapaneseJapanese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
goodよいyoi
bad悪いwarui
new新しいatarashii
old古いfurui
small小さいchiisai
large / big大きいookii
long長いnagai
short短いmijikai
cheap安いyasui
expensive高価なkouka-na
light / clear明るいakarui
dark暗いkurai
late遅いosoi
early早いhayai
interesting面白いomoshiroi
boring退屈なtaikutsu-na
tired疲れたtsukareta
easy / simple簡単kantan
for free無料muryou
right / correct正しいtadashii
wrong間違いmachigai
strong強いtsuyoi
weak弱いyowai
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Special videos

What Japanese Adjective Describes Your Personality Best?

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Slang Adjectives

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Previous lesson: Basic Japanese nouns

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