Basic Estonian Verbs

Basic Estonian Verbs 2017-03-20T16:44:48+00:00

Verbs describe movement or action. You’ll need them whenever you want to talk about what you, somebody or something else does, did or wants to do. Essential stuff. Memorize the verbs below and you’ll be well equipped for most basic Estonian conversations.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Estonian“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Verbs

Important verbs

EnglishEstonian
(to) be
olema
(to) have
omama
(to) do / (to) make
tegema
can / (to) know how to
teadma
(to) know (how)
teadma
(to) know / (to) be acquainted with
teadma
(to) understand
aru saama
(to) speak / (to) talk
rääkima
(to) listen to
kuulama
(to) hear
kuulma
(to) see
nägema
(to) feel
tundma
(to) live
elama
(to) want
tahtma
(to) need
vajama
(to) like
meeldima
(to) love
armastama
(to) give
andma
(to) take
võtma
(to) play
mängima
(to) laugh
naerma
(to) come
tulema
(to) go
minema
(to) go by […] (e.g. by car)
sõitma
(to) write
kirjutama
(to) read
lugema
(to) count
loendama
(to) pronounce
hääldama
(to) spell
tähthaaval ütlema
(to) conjugate
pöörama
(to) remember
mäletama
(to) forget
unustama
(to) eat
sööma
(to) try
proovima
(to) use
kasutama
(to) open
avama
(to) close
sulgema
(to) greet / (to) welcome
tervitama
(to) begin
alustama
(to) end
lõpetama

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