Nouns represent people or things. You’ll need them whenever you want to refer to somebody or something. Memorize the Chinese nouns below and you’ll be well equipped for almost every basic conversation.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Chinese“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Nouns

Previous lesson: Basic Chinese verbs

Important nouns

EnglishChineseChinese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
child 小孩xiǎo hái
man 男子nán zǐ
woman 女人nǚ rén
family 家庭jiā tíng
town / city 城镇 / 城市chéng zhèn / chéng shì
country 国家guó jiā
world 世界shì jiè
house 房子fáng zǐ
car 汽车qì chē
street / road 街 / 路jiē / lù
shop 商店shāng diàn
door mén
table 桌子zhuō zǐ
chair 椅子yǐ zǐ
window 窗口chuāng kǒu
newspaper 报纸bào zhǐ
book shū
pen圆珠笔yuán zhū bǐ
bag dài
rucksack 背包bèi bāo
happiness 幸福xìng fú
love ài
flower huā
ball qiú
work 工作gōng zuò
vacation 假期jiǎ qī
passport 护照hù zhào
language 语言yǔ yán
question 问题wèn tí
answer 答案dá àn
beginning / start 开始kāi shǐ
end 结束jié shù
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Previous lesson: Basic Chinese verbs


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