Basic Chinese Nouns 2017-03-20T16:40:22+00:00

Nouns represent people or things. You’ll need them whenever you want to refer to somebody or something. Memorize the Chinese nouns below and you’ll be well equipped for almost every basic conversation.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Chinese (Mandarin)“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Nouns

Previous lesson: Basic Chinese verbs

Important nouns

EnglishChineseChinese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
child
小孩
xiǎo hái
man
男子
nán zǐ
woman
女人
nǚ rén
family
家庭
jiā tíng
town / city
城镇
城市
chéng zhèn
chéng shì

country
国家
guó jiā
world
世界
shì jiè
house
房子
fáng zǐ
car
汽车
qì chē
street / road

jiē

shop
商店
shāng diàn
door
mén
table
桌子
zhuō zǐ
chair
椅子
yǐ zǐ
window
窗口
chuāng kǒu
newspaper
报纸
bào zhǐ
book
shū
pen
圆珠笔
yuán zhū bǐ
bag
dài
rucksack
背包
bèi bāo
happiness
幸福
xìng fú
love
ài
flower
huā
ball
qiú
work
工作
gōng zuò
vacation
假期
jiǎ qī
passport
护照
hù zhào
language
语言
yǔ yán
question
问题
wèn tí
answer
答案
dá àn
beginning / start
开始
kāi shǐ
end
结束
jié shù

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Previous lesson: Basic Chinese verbs

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