Nouns represent people or things. You’ll need them whenever you want to refer to somebody or something. Memorize the Chinese nouns below and you’ll be well equipped for almost every basic conversation.

This lesson is part of the chapter “Learning Chinese (Mandarin)“.

Basic Words & Phrases: Nouns

Previous lesson: Basic Chinese verbs

Important nouns

EnglishChineseChinese
(Romanization)
Pronunciation
(Audio)
child小孩xiǎo hái
man男子nán zǐ
woman女人nǚ rén
family家庭jiā tíng
town / city城镇
城市
chéng zhèn
chéng shì

country国家guó jiā
world世界shì jiè
house房子fáng zǐ
car汽车qì chē
street / road
jiē

shop商店shāng diàn
doormén
table桌子zhuō zǐ
chair椅子yǐ zǐ
window窗口chuāng kǒu
newspaper报纸bào zhǐ
bookshū
pen圆珠笔yuán zhū bǐ
bagdài
rucksack背包bèi bāo
happiness幸福xìng fú
loveài
flowerhuā
ballqiú
work工作gōng zuò
vacation假期jiǎ qī
passport护照hù zhào
language语言yǔ yán
question问题wèn tí
answer答案dá àn
beginning / start开始kāi shǐ
end结束jié shù

References:

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